Many diseases of the eye cause no discomfort or symptoms, and most people believe that poor sight is a natural part of aging. In many cases, vision loss and blindness is preventable or treatable with early diagnosis.
These are a few of the most common eye disorders. Contact us today for a comprehensive eye exam if experiencing any of the following complications at 816.842.2015.
Dry eye syndrome is a chronic lack of lubrication and moisture on the surface of the eye. Persistent dryness, scratching and burning or the feeling of something in the eye are signs of this syndrome. Causes can include medication side effects; a dry, dusty or windy climate; insufficient blinking such as staring at a computer screen for extended periods; long-term use of contact lenses; or it can be a symptom of a more serious disorder.
Somers Eye Center has a method of measuring the amount of dry eye through tear osmolarity. This tear lab unit gives us a number which not only helps us customize your dry eye treatment, but also measure whether we are improving the situation.
Glaucoma, the second leading cause of blindness, typically causes no pain or symptoms. During a routine eye exam, measuring internal eye pressure and visual field testing are used to diagnose this silent disease. Left untreated, glaucoma can decrease peripheral vision and eventually lead to blindness. Somers Eye Center has advanced technology that measures the thickness of the nerve which represents the first signs of glaucoma even before the visual field changes. Therefore we are able to determine the likelihood of progression into glaucoma for people with a family history of glaucoma or an elevated eye pressure.
Age-related macular degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss and blindness among Americans age 65 and older. Other factors include hereditary factors, high blood pressure, lighter eye color and obesity. Degeneration of the macula, the part of the retina responsible for sharp, central vision, causes blind spots directly ahead. A retinal exam can often detect early signs of macular degeneration before symptoms occur. Somers Eye Center has advanced technology which visualizes the macula microscopically to detect early changes that the human eye cannot see.
Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)
A pink eye, along with itching, burning, stinging, irritation, pain, grittiness, crusting or light sensitivity, are all symptoms of conjunctivitis. Contagious forms of pink eye are usually linked to bacterial or viral infections. Non-contagious pink eye can occur when eye irritants such as allergens, dust and smoke are in the environment. Left untreated, certain types of bacterial conjunctivitis can scar the eye’s surface.
High blood sugar can damage blood vessels in the eye causing impaired vision and even loss of sight. In its early stages, no symptoms may occur or a mild change of vision such as difficulty reading or double vision are noticeable. Annual eye exams are an important part of a diabetic treatment plan.
Somers Eye Center has the ability to measure the health of the cornea through specular microscopy. This test is helpful in determining whether contact lenses are damaging the eye. It can guide us as to whether your eye can tolerate cataract surgery. It is a very important indicator of corneal health which many practices do not possess. We also have a corneal topographer which gives a map of the cornea. This test is critical in determining astigmatism. This is important to know prior to LASIK surgery or the placement of intraocular lenses that compensate for astigmatism.