Somers Eye Center specializes in helping patients see clearly by providing a wide range of correction choices such as glasses, contact lenses, laser vision and lens implants.
Common vision problems include:
Nearsightedness, or myopia, occurs when viewing objects from a distance is blurred.
Farsightedness, or hyperopia, is a common condition in which objects up close are blurry. Squinting, eyestrain or headache after a prolonged period of tasks such as reading, writing or using a computer are common symptoms of this condition.
Presbyopia describes the gradual loss of the ability to focus on nearby objects, most recognizable when reading from an arm’s distance away.
Astigmatism is a common and easily treatable imperfection in the curvature of your eye causing blurred vision. Signs may also include eyestrain, headaches or visual distortion. This condition may occur in combination with nearsightedness or farsightedness.
One vision correction procedure is called monovision, which is created when one eye is corrected for clear distant vision while the other eye is corrected for clear near vision. The visual cortex of the brain learns to only pay attention to the image that it wants to see in focus and ignore the out-of-focus image. Most people who have monovision are able to see well enough at all distances without corrective lenses.
In a nearsighted person around the age of 40, correcting both eyes with LASIK or PRK to see clearly for distance vision means they would probably become dependent on reading glasses to see up close unless they have the monovision procedure. Between the ages of 35 and 45, many people also lose distance vision.
People around the age of 55 to 60 may show signs of cataracts. Removal of the natural lens inside the eye, Refractive Lens Exchange (RLE), can be a better alternative to laser vision correction. After the natural lens is removed, there are a number of intraocular lens (IOL) options to provide a full range of vision.
Those with significant cataracts are not candidates for laser vision correction. Instead, cataract surgery is usually recommended to restore vision. The same IOL options are available to cataract patients as they are for refractive lens exchange patients.